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US staffing Questions and answer

Understanding of Technologies and us recruitment process flowchart

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ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning)
Enterprise resource planning (ERP) is business process management software that allows an organization
to use a system of integrate applications to manage the business and automate back office functions. ERP
software integrates all facets of an operation, including product planning, development, manufacturing

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Different ERP Products: what questions do recruitment agencies ask about ERP

ERP Professionals: Us staffing ERP professionals

Operating System:
An Operating System (OS) Is a collection of Software that manages computer, hardware
resources and provides common services for computer programs. It acts an an interface

between the user and computer system .







A database is a collection of records / data organized in a way that a computer program can
quickly select / retrieve desired pieces of data.






Java Technologies:

A Java is a computer programming language designed to develop Desktop Based , Web

Based and Client Server Architect Application. It is released in three editions

Java Standard Edition (J2SE) or Core Java

Java Enterprise Edition (J2EE) Or Advanced Java

Java Micro Edition (J2ME)

i) Java Standard Edition (J2SE) or Core Java

J2SE is for building desktop applications and applets. These applications typically serve only a small
numbers of users at one time

Technologies: Swing, Applets, OOPS, multithreading

ii) Java Enterprise Edition (2JEE) Or Advanced Java

J2EE is for building more complex application to suit medium to large businesses. Typically they will be
server based / web based applications focusing the needs of lots of users at one time.

Technologies: EJB, JSP, Servlet, JMS, JDBC, Frame works (Struts, Spring, Hibernate, JSF)

iii) Java Micro Edition (JME)

J2ME is for building applications used on mobile and embedded devices

Microsoft Technologies :

Are computer programming languages designed to develop Desktop Based , Web

Based and Client Server Architect Application. Microsoft has developed my languages

like Visual Basic (VB) , ASP and .Net, but here we focus on .Net technology only


is a server –side web application framework designed for web development to produce

dynamic web pages. It was developed by Microsoft to allow programmers to build

dynamic web sites , web applications and web services:


Is a programming language designed for developing Desktop bases / web based

application Visual Basic .NET (VB.NET) is an object-oriented computer programming

Language that can be viewed as an evolution of the classic Visual Basic (VB),

implemented on the .NET Framework


C# is an elegant and type-safe object-oriented language that enables developers to

build a variety of secure and robust applications that run on the .NET Framework. You

can use C# to create Windows client applications, XML Web services, distributed

components, client-server applications, database applications, and much, much more.

Technology List :

ASP.Net, c#.Net, VB.Net, WCF, WPF, Design Patterns, MVC, WebServices , Sharepoint server ,

Biztalk Server, Ajax, Jquery, Java Script, Linq, SQL server

Application Server:
Also called an app server, and application server is a program that handles
all application operations between users and an organization’s backend business
applications or databases.
An application server is typically used for complex transaction-based applications. To
support high-end needs, an application server has to have built-in redundancy monitor
for high- availability, high-performance distributed application services and support for
complex database access.

Application ServerWeblogic, Websphere, Glassfish

Web Server:

Web servers are computers that deliver (serves up) Web pages. Every Web server has
an IP address and possibly a domain name. For example, if you enter the URL in your browser, this sends a request
to the Web server whose domain name The server then fetches
the page namedindex.html and sends it to your browser
Web Server: IIS, Apache Tomcat, Apache Web Server-HTTP

Software Testing:

It is the process used to help identify the correctness, completeness, security, and

quality of developed computer software.


Manual Testing

Automation Testing:


1) White box / Glass box Testing:

This testing is based on knowledge of the internal logic of an application’s and code

working. Tests are based on coverage of code statements, branches, paths, conditions.

Types of White box testing

Unit Testing

Static & Dynamic Analysis Testing

Security Testing

Branch Testing

Mutation Testing

2) Black box testing

Internal system design is not considered in this type of testing. Tests are based on

requirements and functionality. And Test engineer need not know the internal working

of the application. Main focus in black box testing is on functionality of the system as a


3) Gray Box Testing

Grey box testing is the combination of black box and white box testing. Intention of this

testing is to find out defects related to bad design or bad implementation of the

system. In gray box testing, test engineer is equipped with the knowledge of system

and designs test cases or test data based on system knowledge.

4) System Testing

Entire system is tested as per the requirements. Black-box type testing that is based on

overall requirements specifications, covers all combined parts of a system

Types of System Testing

Functional Testing

Regression Testing

Performance Testing

Smoke Testing

Load Testing

Stress Testing

User Acceptance Testing

Security Testing

Alpha Testing

Beta Testing

5) GUI Testing:
Software Testing Tools :
Testing Tools can be broadly classified as:

Test Management Tools

Performance Testing Tools

Functional Testing Tools

Data Warehousing:
Abbreviated DW, A collection of data designed to support management decision

making. Dataware house contains a wide variety of data that present a coherent picture

of business conditions at a single point in time

The term data warehousing generally refers to the combination of many different

databases across an entire enterprise.

Data warehousing Tools or ETL tools :

  • Ascential Datastage
  • Informatica Power Center
  • Business Object Data Integrator
  • Cognos Data Manager
  • SQL Server Integration Services
  • Data Integration Studio
  • Ab Initio
  • Pentaho
  • Hyperian

Data Business Intelligence:
Business intelligence (BI) is a set of theories, methodologies, architectures, and
technologies that transform raw data into meaningful and useful information for
business purposes. BI can handle enormous amounts of unstructured data to help identify, develop and otherwise create new opportunities
BI technologies provide historical, current and predictive views of business operations.
Common functions of business intelligence technologies are reporting, online analytical
processing, analytics etc.

Business Intelligence Tools :

  • Business Objects

  • Cognos


  • Qlik View

  • Pentho BI

  • Oracle Hyperion

  • SAP Netweaver BI

  • SAS Enterprise BI Server

  • Microsoft BI Tools (SSAS, SSRS)

Webservices :
A Web service is a method of communications between two electronic devices over

the World Wide Web (WWW).

The following Tools/ Technology needs to have for web services


SOAP stands for Simple Object Access Protocol.

SOAP is a protocol for accessing web services.

SOAP provides a way to communicate between applications running on different operating

systems, with different technologies and programming languages.

SOAP is based on XML.


RDF stands for Resource Description Framework.

RDF is a standard for describing Web resources.

RDF can be used to describe title, author, content, and copyright information of web



WSDL stands for Web Services Description Language.

WSDL is a language for describing web services and how to access them.

WSDL is written in XML.

Design Patterns:
A design pattern in architecture and computer science is a formal way of documenting a

solution to a design problem in a particular field of expertise.

The elements of this language are entities called patterns. Each pattern describes a

problem that occurs over and over again in our environment, and then describes the core

of the solution to that problem, in such a way that you can use this solution a million times

over, without ever doing it the same way twice.






Singleton Pattern


Sourcing Skills – Different ways & Methods

Job Portals




Online Groups & Discussion Boards

Human Networking

Headhunting & References

Search engines – Google, Yahoo, etc

Market Knowledge

It is very important that a recruiter must have market knowledge, like What

is happening in the industry? Who is acquiring whom ? Who is hiring which

technology ? What are the emerging technology ?

Recruiter must have industry mapping skill like which companies working

on similar type of projects or similar domain or what are their competitors

Sales & Negotiation Skills:

Make a list of points why somebody should join the particular company

Collect the relevant data about that particular company viz. total employee strength, annual turnover,
awards won by the company, presence of the company on the globe, a brief about the prestigious clients &
currently running projects, etc.

HR policies & employee benefits provided by the company

Scope of learning & career growth provided by the company

You ask the candidate his salary requirement before you give an offer. You get him to set the price

You don’t just pull a salary offer out of the air. You use compensation studies and know a person’s salary
history. You know about his current title and job responsibilities.

You’re selling the job, the benefits, and the company, but you’re also selling yourself. You’re the face of
the company. The face of what your candidate’s future will look like for many years to come. You’d better
make it a good impression.

Qualities a great Recruiter must have:

Listening Skills:

For a Recruitment Consultant it is important to be a great listener. Only if you listen

carefully and thoroughly to both, the jobseeker and the client, you will be able to

understand what their needs are. The more you listen to them, the more you will find

out. The more you ask them, the more you will know


You need to be confident not just about yourself but also about the services you offer to


Marketing Skills:

Knowing how to market and promote your services,


The recruitment industry is particularly competitive and target-driven therefore it is

essential that the recruiter can handle pressure very well, is target-oriented, ambitious

and hungry for results.

Relationship building skills:

A recruiter works in the “people business” and deals with a variety of different people on a

daily basis. This person has to be a good connector, who loves to meet new people and knows

how to use every opportunity to network and to turn it into business results.

Communication Skills:

Working in the “human resource” business requires from a recruiter to be a great

communicator, no matter whether face to face, on the phone or via email. –

Qualities a great Recruiter must have:

Since you deal with companies and candidates on a daily basis you will need to juggle multiple

projects and tasks simultaneously. Keeping in mind the details of various jobs, companies and

candidates is important in order to work efficiently as well as effectively.

Time Management Skills:

Having great time management skills is essential because certain positions need to be filled

urgently and getting your priorities right is paramount.


Sometimes you will need to be very flexible and patient because candidates or clients might

want to reschedule their interview dates in the last minute.


Companies and jobseekers don’t just rely on one source for filling their positions or finding a

job but multiple sources. Who acts quickly will therefore win in the end.

IT and Social Media Skills:

Nowadays also being familiar with various social media recruitment strategies and IT

technologies will give any recruiter an edge and proves that you are a professional who keeps

up with current trends and technologies.

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Qualities a great Recruiter must have:


If you want to be perceived as a trustworthy professional you need to be reliable when it comes to

punctuality, offering the services you promised within a certain timeframe etc. If you can’t keep up

with small things nobody will trust you and offer you bigger challenges in the future.

Team working Skills:

Sometimes you need to lead a team of other recruitment consultants or you need to work in a team

in order to find the best candidate for a high calibre company. Knowing how to manage people

in order to achieve a set goal is important; good communication between all team members will

guarantee that misunderstandings and inefficiencies will be avoided.

Research Skills:

This is Information age. One who carries the information is the king of the day. Remember to do

research on a day to day basis on the Recruitment trends , market research. Whats happening in

the industry? Who is acquiring whom ? Who is hiring which technology ? What are the emerging

technology ?

Networking skills

A good recruiter must good in networking . Should have their own profile in LinkedIn or Twitter or

Facebook or youtube.

Planning skills:

A recruiter should aim at making his / her work easier day by day by bringing in new improvements in

his work area. This can happen only by planning his/her work every day and find what is

that achieved and improved from yesterday. In simple words , Plan your work and work your plan”. A

to do list for the day , for the week and for the month may be prepared well in advance.

Standard Hierarchy and Responsibilities in any organization

Delivery Manager

Client Management ,Budgets study, ensure the deadline ,communicating with the clients

Practice Head

Managing the technology , to do the resource management , to track the resource pool,

resource plan.

Sr. Project manager

Managing multiple projects & team managers

Project Manager (PM)

More of management role and designing the projects(Architect is also in the same level

Team Lead (TL)

Team Management, Assessing the responsibilities, Distribution of work.

Senior Software Engineer (SSE)

Development and Critical work in the projects

Software Engineer(SE) (or) Jr. Developer

Completely in coding/programming and development

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